Ramkinkar Baij(1906 – 1980)
One of the most profound and notable among Indian sculptors, Ram Kinkar Baij is looked upon as a pioneer in Contextual Modernism for Indian Art. Baij responded towards Nature with a new found zest and his inherent interest lay in working with human figures incorporating drama and emotion.
Baij’s chief point of reference was Western Modern and post classical Indian art that found a place into his works at the very onset of his artist career. He was perhaps one-of-a-kind artist who used local materials for his sculptures to great advantage depicting vitality and power in every form. It was in Shantiniketan under the guidance of Rabindranath Tagore that his artistic self came into light and in his own words, “He never looked back” after. In 1970 the Government of India honoured him with the Padma Bhushan and later in 1976 he was inducted as a fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi, and was also conferred the Desikottama by Visva Bharati, followed by an honorary D.Litt by the Rabindra Bharati University in 1979.